Friday, 16 February 2018

BREXIT TOMFOOLERY GOES ON - LATEST

LATEST
1. Failure to complete Brexit negotiations is costing UK pharmaceutical companies “an enormous amount of money”
2. Car industry sees “enormous disruption”. Car making down 4.6%, 80% of cars made are exported. Consumer borrowing increasing 10%/yr, unsustainable! Rules of origin imply tariffs will have to be paid.
3. EU says, “Currently around 60 countries covered by EU trade deals. UK would not be able to roll over the EU’s free trade deals after Brexit.”
4. A survey of 37,000 housebuilding workers across Britain shows 17.7% are from the EU. And we have a housing problem.
5. 10,000 EU nationals have quit the NHS (22% up y/y, 42% on 2yr previously), Now 40,000 nursing vacancies. 4/10 EU doctors thinking of leaving.
6. 55% of those with PhDs and 49% of those with postgraduate degrees were either planning to go or were actively considering it.
7. Car sales fell by 11.2% in November. Industry: It’s a major concern. Diesel sales slumped by 30%
8. Davies says, Sector-by-sector Brexit impact forecasts “do not exist”.  EU has full analysis available.
9. Brexit poses huge risks to food standards in the UK and will have “seismic implications” for its food and farming system. 11/28 portions of fruit and vegetables comes from EU, or EU workers in UK. Could be an immediate disaster.
10. EU/UK issue phase I agreement document, but Davies says  “nothing is agreed until everything is agreed”. The Irish and EU are hopping mad. It now has to be turned into law…

1. Debt - Financial programming to 2020, Budget May committed to in Florence speech, €22bn, Reste a liquider + other liabilities €31bn + €8bn, Pensions €9bn + contingent liabilities €12bn. Credit: €18bn of Planned spending in UK 2019 & 2020 (we would pay it ourselves?) and European investement bank and ECB €4bn. RESULT about €60bn.
2. Brexit without a deal could take 4.7% out of UK economy over 10 years, costing each taxpayer $2,144 (£1,607) and a total of $140bn.(Rand Corp, US).
3. UK will become a “third country” Mar 2019.  Any trade agreement will take at least 5 years. In the mean time their is only WTO. Irrelevant that we pass Withdrawal Bill, this is not a treaty.
4. Dec 2017 poll (BMG for Independent)  now 51% remain, 41% leave… yet another poll 55% Remain, 44% Leave
5. UK banks tell May: a Canada-style Brexit deal is not good enough
6. OECD analysis of Britain’s economic prospects outside the EU shows even in the best-case scenario every home losing £2,200 by 2020 after Brexit.
7. CBI has warned that leaving the EU would cost £100bn to GDP by 2020 and lead to the loss of 950,000 jobs.
8. MI6 says, “For the last 25 years our foreign policy has been closely tied up with working closely with our international partners, especially France and Germany. Now we have loss of seat at Intl Court of Human Justice, plus loss of influence in UN, diplomacy, defence, intelligence”
9. Adding up the costs. £1.5bn DUP, £3.7bn Admin, £1bn Trade commissioners,  £0.5bn New passports
10. Rising prices after Brexit unless Britain can copy 70+ trade deals negotiated by the EU, very unlikely

1. Cost already 1% of Growth, 1% of GDP, Inflation > 3%, Stagnant wages, Heavy Personal debt (£15k/household), UK losing more money/week (£340m/wk)  than cost of EU.
2. VAT would have to be paid upfront by companies on imports as a third country, as we do now from China, etc. Means massive cash flow problems.
3. Costs of imported drugs for NHS already up by £5m, cost to implement own EMA equiv will be £70m/yr
4. 10/15 top productivity countries are in the EU, why would we (at 15th) leave that union? Wages depend on productivity.
5. 19 per cent increase in departures of European staff from universities in 2017
6. EasyJet has launched its first domestic flights in Germany from its new base at Berlin's Tegel Airport. Easyjet applied for a new air operator's license in Austria in July 2017 in preparation for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union
7. UK will surrender practical influence over trade policy via its seats at top tables in Brussels for the so called “freedom” to have trading terms dictated by Americans, Chinese, Indians and indeed the EU.
8. UK debt costs GDP x15 times cost of EU contributions (0.37% of expenditure)
9. Staying inline with EU Regs is not enough, it has to be legally binding, that means a treaty and the ECJ.
10. 50 Labour MPs defy Corbyn, vote to stay in SM

1. Report shows: Leavers are rural, + low education, Remainers are Univ + city dwellers
2. EU relocates Galileo satellite system installation from UK to Spain, UK excluded from future contracts
3. EC said the agencies that provide the safety (CE) certificates may not have their work recognised after March 2019. More than 200 agencies, including the British Standards Institute and Lloyds Register
4. JLR (Indian ownership) to move to new plant in Slovakia, Vauxhall/Opel (French/German ownership, PSA) to move to EU , Toyota on hold in UK. Nissan/Renault (French ownership) looking at moving to Dacia/Renault in Romania. Mini/BMW already started production in Holland and have options in Austria. Honda (Japan ownership)  has said it will pull out if Brexit goes ahead.
5. Any TTIP deal with the USA would create a “investor-state dispute system” court. Just like the ECJ. Why jump in bed with US policy and not Europe’s?
6. The EU27 attracted €424 billion worth of foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2016, against €391 billion in the US. The EU is the world’s top destination for foreign investment. Not to mention that the EU is the largest trading bloc in the world.
7. New staff in civil service for Brexit matters costing £500m/year. Will continue or increase as we take control of regulations and implementations.
8. 36 countries agreed want to avoid “cliff edge” April 2019. But nothing signed with any, nothing ready to sign. Need local parliaments to agree. Also countries want o know future EU deal before negotiating!
9. WTO schedules to be posted, then agreed. 1st priority to avoid chaos. MFN provisions of the WTO cut in with no trade agreements. This could mean 5-20% tariffs on lots of things
10. Leaving on 29 March 2019 is not fixed in stone. Not agreed by Commons and can be shifted by EU27. Can affect our ability to copy existing or negotiate new FTAs

1. 1. The Irish border problem is unresolved. Without an comprehensive, or provisional FTA by March 2019 giving in effect a “customs union”, the WTO MFN status would apply and tariffs would be charged. We need a legal “stand still” agreement with the EU.
2. 2. Another complicated impact is “rules of origin/local content”. These are harmonised within the EU, but UK will need to agree our own, and apply them, even in EU27. This is a huge task, they cover 10s of thousands of products and may be different for each country and shipping route. It will impede trade and raise costs.
3. 3. Ironically, who will be our great allies in keeping the world open trading system and making that freer and fairer? The EU27. They are the people who are standing by those principles. Unfortunately, our voice will not be there within their counsels.
4. 4. Its a HUGE job: there are 759 trade-related agreements to renegotiate
5. 5. Hint of a U-turn? May doesn’t mention Brexit at Davos, but “Must renew our commitment to collaboration”. Otherwise talks banalities, U-turn?
6. 6. Times reports, country is losing £200 million a week over Brexit, £27 billion so far
7. 7. Britain favours 2nd referendum by 16 pts (ICM poll)
8. 8. BoE, Mark Carney. UK’s GDP this year will be £1,924 billion. Brexit has caused a two percentage point hit, our GDP would instead be £1,963 billion this year, so we’ll be £39 billion poorer – a hit of £750 million per week.
9. 9. When parliament waves through 1000s of EU directives and regulations without debate, but then if faced with 1000 for Brexit, make a fuss? Waste of time really, we can achieve what we want by staying in the European Union
10. 10. Government's own Brexit Analysis says the UK will be worse off In every scenario outside the EU:  EEA -2%, FTA -5%, WTO -8% // 15 yrs (Includes FTA/USA + EU FTAs rollovers)

1. Growth 2017/16: UK 1.5%, US 2.5%, EU28 2.6%, EZ19 2.7%. End of Greek crisis. EZ19 investment up 9% 2yrs.
2. Brexit: Chemicals, clothing, manufacturing, food and drink, and cars and retail would be the hardest hit and every UK region would also be affected negatively…
3. We swap our current position, as among influential players in Europe, for that of a rule-taker. Lose our votes in the council of ministers, our MEPs, our commissioner and our judge on the ECJ? That’s losing, not taking back control.
4. Lords asks the question, “What do we value more, parliamentary sovereignty and control, or market access and trade?”
5. UK aviation vulnerable to SM exit, by exclusion from European Sky, SESAR & RASA. WTO does not cover aviation, so UK operators would lose “Community Air Carrier” status
6. UK’s Civil Aviation Authority want to remain part of the European Aviation Safety Agency, that means being in the Single Market
7. Spymasters say they need data-sharing agreement with EU, which will be lost
8. Putting EU Acquis into UK Law won’t assure a deal on trade. Without a treaty WTO will apply from 1/4/19.
9. We  are not GREAT Global Britain, the idea that Britain has been liberated by Brexit to seize pace-making status in the world is simply false. Visits to China? May/2, Macron/1, Merkal/9. Germany exports x5 UK. Visits to Africa, Macron/6, UK/0. Foreign office budget cut by 40%, Germany x3 UK!
10. Britain has no WTO schedules and has made no reported progress. Britain is also party to 759 agreements which are predicated on EU membership. Even if May is successful in getting a “transition” agreement, these agreements lapse in March 2019.

1. The European Banking Authority (EBA) headquarters will soon move from London to Paris
2. Digital trade: geo-blocking and country redirects could stop by the end of 2018 in the EU under new rules to be adopted by MEPs. But UK may not be art of this.
3.  EU & UK Citizens still do not yet have full freedom rights guaranteed. EP insists on this.
4. Fears that Unilever will pick Rotterdam over London as its main base
5. New realisation that A. UK wants full implementation of A50, a complete exit, B. Potential “transition” phase to full WTO terms, C. A minimal “Canada-style”  agreement. EU accepts, but not happy
6. End game? Desperation sets in for Brexiteers as they attack civil servants for doing their job after a leak of negative outcome forecasts.
7. Some £12 trillion (€13.60 trillion) of derivatives contracts extend beyond March 2019, and at least 30 million EU and 6 million UK insurance policies, meaning there are questions about whether they would actually pay out.
8. New patriotism in England (already in Scotland, Wales & maybe NI) has to be built so that UK can proudly support being part of Europe. Today we are broken, lost commonwealth, lost industry, lost friends world wide, accept Brexit for what it is, but build for a UK & European future
9. A no-deal Brexit would cost £80bn net in the public finances. (Government will need to borrow £120bn - £40bn EU savings, more over the next 15 years). Growth NE -16%, W Mid -13%, NI -12% Scot -9%. Even WTO +21% rise in retail prices, +17% rise in food and drink costs.
10. the European commission said: “A driving licence issued by the United Kingdom will no longer be recognised by the member states.” So the EU will no longer recognise UK-issued driving licences after Brexit and could ban all drivers

1. EU say, “NI to stay in SM/CU”. UK seeking to leave and yet wanting frictionless trade is not only a danger to trade but a risk to peace.
2. Brexit is an act of protectionism promulgated by English nationalists who inexplicably style themselves free-marketeers.”, FT.
3. Japan says industries will leave if Brexit not profitable (think Nissan).
4. Did Brexit erupt wholly from the head of Zeus? Or is it our “Dream Team” MPs that feel an itsy bit left out as sensible, progressive laws come from the EU? We should have reformed parliament years ago.
5. 99% of the seasonal workers came from eastern Europe. But more than 4,300 (12.5%) vacancies went unfilled, leaving produce to rot in the fields
6. May spending £2.1m/yr on her private Brexit team, not under DExEU control.
7. 18 months and counting, Mrs Theresa Muddle is getting depressed and sleep-walking into a Norway solution - all pay and no say. Plus UK loses all EU trade deals, but has made little progress in formulating new ones, a proper cliff edge.
8. Humanity Star: we need to start acting as a species rather than as independent countries. The EU is a start.
9. Since government can’t govern, MPs must take charge. Problem is they lack experience, usually they just follow party lines like sheep.
10. Hi Foxxy! Want to do business in China? OK. British farmer moves fruit-growing to China over Brexit uncertainty

1. DUP spending “bung” Brexit  £1bn money before Parliament approval. Cabinet not legitimate? Gina Millar takes them to the high court.
2. Economy 8% smaller than it otherwise would be is an economy £200bn a year worse off – an amount roughly equivalent to £6,500 for every single household in the country. For the government, that means around £88bn less in revenue every year. Think a million doctors, or more than 500,000 social homes
3. Reach out to remainers? EU endgame is political unity not free trade, argues Boris Johnson. Are we discussing freedom or regulation? Johnson’s view is exactly what the EU is NOT, remainers want freedom - you know, the EU sort (goods, services, capital AND people)! He obviously favours party politics more than a liberal nation.
4. The British GDP (£2.62tn) will suffer a £252bn/15yrs hit if Theresa May carries out her threat to leave the European Union with no deal, a new analysis of official forecasts shows. Equals tax income loss of £82.4bn, or less to spend on Social Welfare, Health, Schools etc
5. “The EU has been the source of hugely progressive legislation covering the environment, the rights of workers and equality., and open liberalism“ , Stephen Doughty, Labour MP, “There is no liberal case for Brexit”.
6. Johnson warns, “thwarting Brexit vote would be disastrous”.  Mend politics,But, vote itself was advisory, so where’s the constitutional reason for A50? No, it’s all lies. The end game? “Mend politics better then a bright future”, he says.
7. Just like Johnson, Brexiteers are lying to us. NO £350m for NHS! NO reduction of immigration! NO  effect on NI1 NO easy trade deals! NO easy passage in a world of globalisation! NO inflation from to drop in pound! NO preparation done!
8. 25% of leave voters want 2nd referendum. Especially over SM & CU membership and consequences of leaving. We need more EU not less to offer hope to people.
9. “Enter the Stasi” as employers, landlords forced to check immigration status of applicants. Due to lack of planning and capability at Home Office Immigration and Border Force.
10. EU wants. Link SM & free movement &  ECJ, EU citizen rights, Unity of EU, trade links with UK, deal on EU budget,  That seems reasonable. Unity.

1. British attempts to “blackmail and divide” EU countries in negotiations will lead to a disastrous “crash-landing” out of the bloc.  EU comment, “If they try to negotiate while trying to interfere in our side then we can do that too. We can make a big fuss over Scotland. Or Northern Ireland.”
2. It is absurd to spend time and money visiting separate EU states, they are committed to negotiate as one, and final approval must come from EP & EC.
3. Brexit? All for arrogance, ideology, with press disinformation and misinformation and just plain stupid politicians whose main concern is keeping their English constituency seats warm.
4. Johnson’s speech claims to think the EU want to become a super state. This is refuted absolutely by M Junker, as soon as he hears about the lies. Conclusion,  Johnson just said “Go whistle” again. Or “inverted pyramid of piffle”.
5. Just because we spend lots of time passing this Bill to have EU law as UK law, does not mean that the EU will agree to a new legal treaty with us. They probably won’t, why should they? So this is a deceptive sop to business and people which contributes nothing. Parliament should be discussing the future of UK and its constitution instead.
6. Government is assailing  us with a set of speeches about Brexit. If they were truly a representative government of the people, which they claim, they would have balanced these with speeches by leading remainers.  “Brexit means Brexit” it is all one sided. This is despicable hypnosis.
7. If Johnson, as he claims, feels we need to take back control, and stop laws being imposed on us by “unelected” bodies. Then he should not be a UK politician, but become an MEP and change  it.
8. Around 30-40% of the Services & Tech sector’s venture capital comes from the European Investment Fund (EIF). Who will fund it after Brexit?
9. “Brexit is therefore regarded in Japan as an act of medium – and long-term economic, and therefore political, self-harm”, says ex-Tokyo UK ambassador.
10. Can’t be done. UK cars have just 44% UK content. Rules-of-origin require 55% or tariffs are charged. So all UK car makers will face tariffs… and exiting trade deals cannot be “rolled over”. Disrupts production lines, forces more UK content, which will be more expensive to make here.

1. If UK wants to negotiate its own trade deals - e.g. China & USA - then why only for UK, why not act on behalf of the EU? To do otherwise is selfish nationalism.
2. Customs checks will tear apart supply chains, mean border checks, break “rules of origin” and make free trade less effcient.
3. Attitude of UK government takes Brexit out of hands of people, and makes it a political power grab tool. Are we going to continue to listen?
4. Hey, Johnson. If you want to reduce energy consumption, you need LED bulbs, and by the way lower power vacuum cleaners. So the EU is right not wrong! An hey, Times, Telegraph do not report your speech - is anyone listening? No.
5. When/if we leave the EU, will English cease to be one of their official languages? Just a thought… could be a problem for 99% of UK politicians and civil service.
6. The problem with a "liberal Brexit" is that most liberals don't want Brexit and most Brexiteers aren't liberal
7. Global Britain already exists, we can do any business we like with USA, China. But we are giving this away, as being  in the EU gives us huge advantages.
8. European Commission president Juncker has said Johnson is talking "total nonsense" when they accuse him of seeking to create a European superstate. “I am strictly against a European superstate. We are not the United States of America, we are the European Union, which is a rich body because we have these 27, or 28, nations”. "The European Union cannot be built against the European nations, so this is total nonsense."
9. Reminder. No Single Market = no free movement in Ireland. No Customs Union = customs posts across all roads in Ireland.
10. Eurostar could collapse after Brexit due to long customs delays (+40min) and reduced traffic.
 

Saturday, 3 February 2018

BREXIT latest

Sorry ham fans, but this is my political point of view - REMAIN of course...

LATEST DISRUPTORS
1. Failure to complete Brexit negotiations is costing UK pharmaceutical companies “an enormous amount of money”
2. Car industry sees “enormous disruption”. Car making down 4.6%, 80% of cars made are exported. Consumer borrowing increasing 10%/yr, unsustainable!
3. EU says, “Currently around 60 countries covered by EU trade deals. UK would not be able to roll over the EU’s free trade deals after Brexit.”
4. A survey of 37,000 housebuilding workers across Britain shows 17.7% are from the EU. And we have a housing problem.
5. 10,000 EU nationals have quit the NHS (22% up y/y, 42% on 2yr previously), Now 40,000 nursing vacancies. 4/10 EU doctors thinking of leaving.
6. 55% of those with PhDs and 49% of those with postgraduate degrees were either planning to go or were actively considering it.
7. Car sales fell by 11.2% in November. Industry: It’s a major concern. Diesel sales slumped by 30%
8. Davies says, Sector-by-sector Brexit impact forecasts “do not exist”.  EU has full analysis available.
9. Brexit poses huge risks to food standards in the UK and will have “seismic implications” for its food and farming system. 11/28 portions of fruit and vegetables comes from EU, or EU workers in UK. Could be an immediate disaster.
10. EU/UK issue phase I agreement document, but Davies says  “nothing is agreed until everything is agreed”. The Irish and EU are hopping mad. It now has to be turned into law…

1. Debt - Financial programming to 2020, Budget May committed to in Florence speech, €22bn, Reste a liquider + other liabilities €31bn + €8bn, Pensions €9bn + contingent liabilities €12bn. Credit: €18bn of Planned spending in UK 2019 & 2020 (we would pay it ourselves?) and European investement bank and ECB €4bn. RESULT about €60bn.
2. Brexit without a deal could take 4.7% out of UK economy over 10 years, costing each taxpayer $2,144 (£1,607) and a total of $140bn.(Rand Corp, US).
3. UK will become a “third country” Mar 2019.  Any trade agreement will take at least 5 years. In the mean time their is only WTO.
4. Dec 2017 poll (BMG for Independent)  now 51% remain, 41% leave… yet another poll 55% Remain, 44% Leave
5. UK banks tell May: a Canada-style Brexit deal is not good enough
6. OECD analysis of Britain’s economic prospects outside the EU shows even in the best-case scenario every home losing £2,200 by 2020 after Brexit.
7. CBI has warned that leaving the EU would cost £100bn to GDP by 2020 and lead to the loss of 950,000 jobs.
8. MI6 says, “For the last 25 years our foreign policy has been closely tied up with working closely with our international partners, especially France and Germany. Now we have loss of seat at Intl Court of Human Justice, plus loss of influence in UN, diplomacy, defence, intelligence”
9. Adding up the costs. £1.5bn DUP, £3.7bn Admin, £1bn Trade commissioners,  £0.5bn New passports
10. Rising prices after Brexit unless Britain can copy 70+ trade deals negotiated by the EU, unlikely

1. Cost already 1% of Growth, 1% of GDP, Inflation > 3%, Stagnant wages, Heavy Personal debt (£15k/household), UK losing more money/week (£340m/wk)  than cost of EU.
2. VAT would have to be paid upfront by companies on imports as a third country, as we do now from China, etc
3. Costs of imported drugs for NHS already up by £5m, cost to implement own EMA equiv will be £70m/yr
4. 10/15 top productivity countries are in the EU, why would we (at 15th) leave that union? Wages depend on productivity.
5. 19 per cent increase in departures of European staff from universities in 2017
6. EasyJet has launched its first domestic flights in Germany from its new base at Berlin's Tegel Airport. Easyjet applied for a new air operator's license in Austria in July 2017 in preparation for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union
7. UK will surrender practical influence over trade policy via its seats at top tables in Brussels for the “freedom” to have trading terms dictated by Americans, Chinese, Indians and indeed the EU.
8. UK debt costs GDP x15 times EU contributions (0.37% of expenditure)
9. Staying inline with EU Regs is not enough, it has to be legally binding, that means a treaty and the ECJ.
10. 50 Labour MPs defy Corbyn, vote to stay in SM

1. Report shows: Leavers are rural, + low education, Remainers are Univ + city dwellers
2. EU relocates Galileo satellite system installation from UK to Spain, UK excluded from future contracts
3. EC said the agencies that provide the safety (CE) certificates may not have their work recognised after 29 March 2019. More than 200 agencies, including the British Standards Institute and Lloyds Register
4. JLR (Indian ownership) to move to new plant in Slovakia, Vauxhall/Opel (French/German ownership, PSA) to move to EU , Toyota on hold in UK. Nissan/Renault (French ownership) looking at moving to Dacia/Renault in Romania. Mini/BMW already started production in Holland and have options in Austria. Honda (Japan ownership)  has said it will pull out if Brexit goes ahead.
5. Any TTIP deal with the USA would create a “investor-state dispute system” court. Just like the ECJ. Why jump in bed with US policy and not Europe’s?
6. The EU27 attracted €424 billion worth of foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2016, against €391 billion in the US. The EU is the world’s top destination for foreign investment. Not to mention that the EU is the largest trading bloc in the world.
7. New staff in civil service for Brexit matters costing £500m/year. Will continue or increase as we take control of regulations and implementations.
8. 36 countries agreed want to avoid “cliff edge” April 2019. But nothing signed with any, nothing ready to sign. Need local parliaments to agree. Also countries want o know future EU deal before negotiating!
9. WTO schedules to be posted, then agreed. 1st priority to avoid chaos. MFN provisions of the WTO cut in with no trade agreements. This could mean 5-20% tariffs on lots of things
10. Leaving on 29 March 2019 is not fixed in stone. Not agreed by Commons and can be shifted by EU27. Can affect our ability to copy existing or negotiate new FTAs

1. The Irish border problem is unresolved. Without an comprehensive, or provisional FTA by March 2019 giving in effect a “customs union”, the WTO MFN status would apply and tariffs would be charged. We need a legal “stand still” agreement with the EU.
2. Another complicated impact is “rules of origin/local content”. These are harmonised within the EU, but UK will need to agree our own, and apply them, even in EU27. This is a huge task, they cover 10s of thousands of products and may be different for each country and shipping route. It will impede trade and raise costs.
3. Ironically, who will be our great allies in keeping the world open trading system and making that freer and fairer? The EU27. They are the people who are standing by those principles. Unfortunately, our voice will not be there within their counsels.
4. Its a HUGE job: there are 759 trade-related agreements to renegotiate
5. Hint of a U-turn? May doesn’t mention Brexit at Davos, but “Must renew our commitment to collaboration”. Otherwise talks banalities, U-turn?
6. Times reports, country is losing £200 million a week over Brexit, £27 billion so far
7. Britain favours 2nd referendum by 16 pts (ICM poll)
8. BoE, Mark Carney. UK’s GDP this year will be £1,924 billion. Brexit has caused a two percentage point hit, our GDP would instead be £1,963 billion this year, so we’ll be £39 billion poorer – a hit of £750 million per week.
9. When parliament waves through 1000s of EU directives and regulations without debate, but then if faced with 1000 for Brexit, make a fuss? Waste of time really, we can achieve 10. Government's own Brexit Analysis says the UK will be worse off In every scenario outside the EU:  EEA -2%, FTA -5%, WTO -8% // 15 yrs (Includes FTA/USA + EU FTAs rollovers)

1. Growth 2017/16: UK 1.5%, US 2.5%, EU28 2.6%, EZ19 2.7%. End of Greek crisis. EZ19 investment up 9% 2yrs.
2. Brexit: Chemicals, clothing, manufacturing, food and drink, and cars and retail would be the hardest hit and every UK region would also be affected negatively…
3. We swap our current position, as among influential players in Europe, for that of a rule-taker. Lose our votes in the council of ministers, our MEPs, our commissioner and our judge on the ECJ? That’s losing, not taking back control.
4. Lords asks the question, “What do we value more, parliamentary sovereignty and control, or market access and trade?”
5. UK aviation vulnerable to SM exit, by exclusion from European Sky, SESAR & RASA. WTO does not cover aviation, so UK operators would lose “Community Air Carrier” status
6. UK’s Civil Aviation Authority want to remain part of the European Aviation Safety Agency, that means being in the Single Market
7. Spymasters say they need data-sharing agreement with EU, which will be lost
8. Putting EU Acquis into UK Law won’t assure a deal on trade. Without a treaty WTO will apply from 1/4/19.
9. We  are not GREAT Global Britain, the idea that Britain has been liberated by Brexit to seize pace-making status in the world is simply false. Visits to China? May/2, Macron/1, Merkal/9. Germany exports x5 UK. Visits to Africa, Macron/6, UK/0. Foreign office budget cut by 40%, Germany x3 UK!
10. Britain has no WTO schedules and has made no reported progress. Britain is also party to 759 agreements which are predicated on EU membership. Even if May is successful in getting a “transition” agreement, these agreements lapse in March 2019.
 

Saturday, 27 January 2018

First steps to re-design PA

As you may have read below, my QRP PA failed. Actually it failed twice and cost me money since I just replaced the amplifier module with another one, which then again failed - no idea why!

So I have decided to build my own amplifier. Here's me breadboarding the first stage

IMG 1728

I decided to use the common RD16HHF1 transistor, I discovered that it has a grounded tab, connected to the Source of the MOSFET. Good. An amp stage using this will give about +20dB gan. So for an output of +40dBm 10W 22V, I will need an input drive of 2.2V. I will need a preamp to get up to this level from my VFO 0dBm output. I chose to try a very simple circuit. This preamp seems to work well and is giving me the drive I wanr for the output stage. Here's the planned circuit

IMG 1729

Moe news later when I have built the complete PA. Should get up to 10W output...

Monday, 22 January 2018

Latest V5 Libraries and Sketches

Here they are.

First steps with SWR meter

I have a project going on to build a simple SR meter, well I say simple but it is more than a couple of diodes and a micro-ammeter!

The concept has been done before, I use an SWR bridge to output the forward and reverse power, then convert this to dBm using a couple of AD8307 devices - wonderful inventions.

The output of the AD8307s is fed to an Arduino Nano on two analog inputs. My bridge uses 1:10 transformers so the TX line voltage of 10W = 22V is transformed to 10W = 2.2V, which is just below the max input allowed on the devices.

IMG 1725

The software is listed below, The calibration of the AD8307's is done by a value for their INTERCEPT (dBm down for zero output) and the SLOPE (output mV per dB).

The input voltages are read by the analog convertors as binary unsigned integers from 0-1023. Using the 3.3V line from the Nano as a reference for them and converting this to milliVolts, gives 0-3300mV sensitivity. The output of the Ad9307's is around 1500mV for -20dBm input and 2500mV for +20dBm. This is converted to dBm using the SLOPE and INTERCEPT values from this graph:

Screen Shot 2018 01 22 at 11 36 46

The dBm values are converted to a length for a bar display showing 0.1W(-20dBm) to 10W (+20dBm) for both forward and reflected powers. Finally the power levels are calculated and use to calculate the SWR.

IMG 1726

The display is handled by my Oled.h header which lists number of useful funcitons to drive an OLED display, like "dispMsg()" or "dispNum()" in small, normal, large or ultra-large fonts.

Code

// SWR_1
// 18-1-19 first working version, simulated inputs

//HEADERS & LIBRARIES
#include "Oled.h"

// CONNECTIONS
// Fwd & Ref analog in
#define FWDIN A1
#define REFIN A0

// PARAMETERS
// note AREF is +3300mV. RF in 22V=10W, Log Amp in 2.2V=20dB
// max input count 1023
#define AREF 3300
#define AMAX 1023

// intercept (dBm), slope (mW/dB), source impedance,
// attenuator (dB), bar display scale
#define INTERCEPT_FWD -80.0
#define INTERCEPT_REF -80.0
#define SLOPE_FWD 25
#define SLOPE_REF 25
#define IMP 50
#define BARSCALE 100/40

// GLOBAL VARIABLES
// bar length 0-100
byte bLFwd;
byte bLref;
// results
double dBmFwd, dBmRef, mWFwd, mWRef, VrmsFwd, VrmsRef, swr;


void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  // oled init, sets I2C addr to 0x3C
  oled.begin();
}

void loop() {
  int inFwd, inRef;
  double mVFwd, mVRef, p;

  // read inputs FWD & REF
// is about 1.5-2.5V, calibrate with INTERCEPT value
//  inFwd = analogRead(FWDIN);
//  inRef = analogRead(REFIN);
inFwd = 700;
inRef = 40;

  mVFwd = (double)(map(inFwd, 0, AMAX, 0, AREF));
  mVRef = (double)(map(inRef, 0, AMAX, 0, AREF));
  Serial.println(mVFwd);
  Serial.println(mVRef);

  // calculation FWD BAR
  dBmFwd = (mVFwd / SLOPE_FWD) + INTERCEPT_FWD;
  bLFwd = (dBmFwd * BARSCALE) + 50; // tbd 20-30-40dB, 0.1W-1W-10W

  // calculation SWR
  swr = (mVFwd + mVRef) / (mVFwd - mVRef);
  
  delay(500);

  dispUpdate();
}

// PICTURE LOOP
void dispUpdate() {
  oled.firstPage();
  do {
    dispMsg(60, 0, "SWR");
    
    //--FWD BAR--
    dispMsgS(20, 15, "0.1W      1W      10W");
    dispMsgS(0, 28, "PWR");
    dispBar(20, 28, 5, bLFwd);

    // SWR
    dispNumUL(40, 40, swr, 2);
    
    

  } while (oled.nextPage());
}

Friday, 5 January 2018

Caprice PA finished, then failed!

I have been slow, I know, in getting the QRP PA finished. This is a 3W PA for 40, 30 & 20m with control using a Arduino Nano. It started out like this

IMG 1694

Then I got stuck on two fronts. One cutting the holes in the case I had planned, and second writing the software that allows an exciter (VFO or QRP transceiver) to tell the PA to switch TX/RX and which band LPF to chose.

I solved the box problem by inducing my son who owns a small engineering company to mill out the holes and rectangles out of the front and back panels of the box.

Then I stuck my head down and had a long think about controlling the PA. What I settled with is to have a 4-way 3.5mm jack lead connect the VFO to the PA. This was dictated because one of the apps that runs on my VFO (AD9851 + Arduino Uno with OLED display, is a GPS location or Maidenhead locator detector, and the GPS plugs into a 4-way jack). The jack connections are Ground, Arduino pin A1, A0 and +5V. The A1 & A0 connections carry the GPS RX & TX signals. But for the PA they provide four controls (in binary HIGH/LOW on the two pins). These switch the PA into RX or TX on 40, 30 or 20m.

This is what the PA now looks like inside and out.

IMG 1711

The integrated Amp is top left, the LPF at the bottom and the Nano and TX/RX switching relay is at top right.

IMG 1717

Here the top box is the VFO - which can be programmed to transmit CW, QRSS, JT65, WSPR etc, the middle box is a power meter (0.1uW to 10W range) and the bottom on is the PA. The display on the PA shows either TX, or LPF the band selected.

Here's the code used in the PA which illustrates the decode and use of the A0, A1 signals

// PA_V2 Caprice system
// V1.1 17-12-30 changed input pins to A0, A1
/* Jack Body GND
        Ring  A1 control bits
        Ring  A0
        Tip   5V
*/

// HEADERS & LIBRARIES
// oled init & functions
#include "Oled.h"

// CONNECTIONS
// relay outputs (active HIGH)
#define PTT 5
#define B6 6
#define B7 7

// PARAMETERS
// modes
#define RX 0
#define TX40 1
#define TX30 2
#define TX20 3

// GLOBAL VARIABLES
char disp[][4] = {"", "40m", "30m", "20m"};    // display
byte mode, band;                               // mode 0-3, band 1-3

// SETUP
void setup() {

  pinMode(A0, INPUT_PULLUP);     // bus LSB
  pinMode(A1, INPUT_PULLUP);     // bus MSB
  pinMode(PTT, OUTPUT);   // T/R relay
  pinMode(B6, OUTPUT);    // Band LPF relays
  pinMode(B7, OUTPUT);

  oled.begin();           // init oled display

  // init 40m RX
  swPA(TX40);            // mode 40m, set LPF
  swPA(RX);              // back to mode RX
}

// LOOP
void loop() {
  // read mode input
  mode = getMode(digitalRead(A1), digitalRead(A0)); // read 0000 00xx

  // switch PA
  swPA(mode);

  dispUpdate();
}

// GET MODE
// A1 & A0 gets mode, returns 0-3 (RX-TX20)
byte getMode(bool b1, bool b0) {
  if (b1 == HIGH && b0 == HIGH) return RX;     // 0 RX
  if (b1 == HIGH && b0 == LOW)  return TX40;   // 1 TX 40m
  if (b1 == LOW && b0 == HIGH)  return TX30;   // 2 TX 30m
  if (b1 == LOW && b0 == LOW)   return TX20;   // 3 TX 20m
}


// SWITCH PA
// set PTT & LPF relays (HIGH = on), set band
void swPA(byte m) {
  // first check RX or TX
  if (m == RX)
    digitalWrite(PTT, LOW);              // RX
  else {
    digitalWrite(PTT, HIGH);             // TX

    // chose LPF freq
    switch (m) {
      case TX40:
        digitalWrite(B6, LOW);           // 40m
        digitalWrite(B7, LOW);
        break;
      case TX30:
        digitalWrite(B6, HIGH);          // 30m
        digitalWrite(B7, LOW);
        break;
      case TX20:
        digitalWrite(B6, HIGH);          // 20m
        digitalWrite(B7, HIGH);
        break;
    }
    band = m;                            // set band 1-3 for display
  }
  delay(200);
}

//  PICTURE LOOP
// Display band or "TX"
void dispUpdate() {
  oled.firstPage();
  do {
    dispMsg(60, 0, "PA");
    if (mode == RX) {                 // if RX
      dispMsgUL(30, 15, disp[band]); // display band
      dispMsgL(50, 50, "RX");
    }
    else {
      dispMsgUL(45, 15, "TX");       // otherwise show "TX"
      dispMsgL(50, 50, disp[band]);
    }
  } while (oled.nextPage());
}

FAIL

So there I was, a new QRP PA. But... first the best output I could get was 1.5W on any band. And then after a couple of changes to the band and T/R it failed altogether and the best output was 10mW, almost the same as the input from the VFO. Fail. And so far I have no idea why. The choice now is to order another Chinese RF Amp module or to build my owm small amplifier... not decided yet.

Sunday, 31 December 2017

Away from Radio - a message for Mrs May

Madame, I accuse you. I accuse you of breaking apart our Unions. Our United Kingdom is fractured. Our European Union is fractured.

In Scotland they know this, they have created their own national government, fully capable of running their nation, as a member of the European Union.

Northern Ireland is already broken, their is no government and the people have been left to drift. They want the European Union but all they have is the DUP bought out for its votes.

In Wales they are weak, they have an Assembly which is little more than a District Council talking shop. They are adrift, not knowing which or what is the way forwards.

And as for the rest, England, we are confused, we have been lied to, we have not had any leadership or direction, so we gambled equally over Europe, and lost to the extremists of the Tory party, including, madame, yourself.

The people of England understand little of the European Union, they understand little of “Free movement of goods, services, capital and people.”. They are bent under the control of the City of London and the Murdoch press.

Your Government has failed.

I call on you to change all that. I call on you to reunite our Unions, the UK and the EU.